After only four months in Italy I had successfully navigated the labyrinth system to get a permit of stay, taking what seems like dozens of passport photos, paying for dozens of marche di bollo, the required stamp (with newly raised prices!) and visiting multiple different bureaucratic offices; I’d also found an apartment, applied for residency, gotten married and started paying taxes. It was a lot, and I was ready to be done with my “settling down” phase and simply be settled. 

Then, I found out I had to retake my driver’s license tests as well.


United States citizens can legally drive on their US license in Italy for up to a year. After that, they’ll need to get an Italian driver’s license.

Though many countries in the world have conventions allowing them to simply convert their driver’s licenses from that of their country to that of their new country, Europe and the United States, unfortunately, don’t have that relationship. Meaning that not only did I have to pay a lot more, but I also had to take the classes, study and pass the written test in Italian, do at least six hours of driving with an instructor and then pass the practice exam – all before my international license expired in the next six months.

People do it, but at the time, after all I had already done to set down roots in Italy – legally – it just seemed like too much. And like most bureaucratic things in another country, it wasn’t easy! Though I wanted to throw a fit, instead I threw myself into studying, learning how to say things like windshield and trailer hitch and acceleration lane in Italian. It was a pain in the butt, but I have to admit that what I learned has proved useful. Of course anyone can drive in Italy, but the road signs are different and the intersections much more complicated. I appreciate that I never have to doubt if what I’m doing is correct or not. 

During the process, I discovered that many expats to Italy simply skip this step. Either they continue to drive on their U.S. license (illegal, but difficult to catch) or they drive with no license or they simply don’t drive at all. None of the above was an acceptable option for me. If that’s how you feel, this post is for you. 

How to Get an Italian Driver’s License:

1. Find an Autoscuola

You can bypass the driving school or autoscuola and go straight to the Ufficio Motorizzazione Civile, Italy’s DMV, but it’s not recommended. Though you will save money, the test is considered more difficult and the instructors much harsher. Multiple legends recount the evil instructors who don’t pass the driving students simply to gain the money the driving school would have gained anyway. Perhaps it’s just a way for the failed students to feel better, but the autoscuola helps you to study and deals with your exams and paperwork, making the process much more streamlined.

2. Go to class and study

In most driving schools in Italy, the course for the written exam is not mandatory and it’s up to you to decide how much you need it. If you’re dedicated and proficient in the language you can study on your own at home. Though I didn’t go to all the classes, I found that it was a nice start for me, giving me a base vocabulary for the written exams and teaching me how the questions are formed, as they’re not always so clear. Your autoscuola will likely have an online quizzing system that you can use to study, but if not you can find multiple quizzes on the internet. Practice practice practice: you can only miss four out of 30 questions on your written exam to pass.  

3. Practice with an Instructor

Like in America, you’ll have to complete a certain amount of hours of driving practice with an instructor. Though the minimum is six, many young Italians will be asked to do more before taking the exam. I only completed four since they knew I had been driving since I was 16, and though I was thankful for the saved time, I found that the practice wasn’t all a waste. There are certain driving rules that my instructor shared with me that came in handy for the final exam, such as how to handle roundabouts correctly, what gear to use during what speed limit and how instructors feel about passing cars that are double parked. Plus, I gained some tips about parallel parking on both the right and the left that have proved indispensable in parking-limited Italy!

4. Take the Written Exam

All your studying is for this. Though you likely already know how to drive, taking an exam with purposefully backwards questions in another language isn’t exactly a breeze. Study to learn the vocabulary, to know the different parts of a car in Italian and to be able to finish the exam once and for all. Oh, and remember to bring your ID!

5. Take the Final Exam

And the day has come: You now can take your final driving exam! Show up with money, your ID and patience and you’ll eventually get behind the wheel with one, if not two, instructors. Mine completely ignored my driving, regularly put his hand on my shoulder, and talked about America the whole time. I gritted my teeth, ignored the advance and finished in roughly five minutes. It seems they trusted my driving. 

ferrari- How to Get an Italian Driver's License


Ultimately, I learned how to navigate the draconian driver’s license system in Italy. This blog post from another American living in Italy recounts in great detail just how draconian this process can be, also how un-standardized. Though these are the steps I took, other expats have been able to talk their way out of the classes and driving practice and complete the process in a much shorter span of time. 

Redoing a process that I completed as a teenager was a bit humbling, but the result means I can drive in Italy with no fear or worry of retribution. I know expats who have been here their entire life without an Italian driver’s license, but I wanted to do things right. This is my home now, it doesn’t make sense to live as if it weren’t.

Especially considering how quickly I adopted the Italian’s “sporty” driving style!

Written by ginamussio



This is a great useful post. Thanks! But i must add i have been driving for years without an italian license. When the carabinieri stop me we talk about america and they never say anything. Playing dumb works great here. We must play the italian chaos game here to survive.


Hi Nicholas,

I’ve found that most expats in Italy live here for years without a license without any problem! It’s definitely doable, but I preferred to play it safe :)

Dante D'Antilio

It’s true, playing dumb is the only way to go! I have been living here for nearly 5 years with only my New Hampshire drivers licence. Not kidding, the carabinieri stop me at least once a month at road checks, must be my Alpha Spider! I thought about getting my Italian patente but too much hassle and time. if it was just a question of money i would do it.


Ha! Well actually, I’ve got my Italian driver’s license, so I wouldn’t say it’s the only way to go, but I can’t deny that it was a hassle!


Can you use your Italian drivers’s license to drive in other European countries? Are there driving license books available to study?


Hi Michael,

Yes you can use your Italian driver’s license throughout Europe for tourist travel. If you permanently move your residence to a European country you may have to apply for a local driver’s license. I had a book to study for the test but it was in Italian… not the easiest but it helped both my Italian and my driver’s test!


I’ve read you can drive in Italy with a U.S. license for a period on 1 year before needing an Italian drivers license. My question is, when does the clock start on the 1 year? At the time when you apply for residency?


Hi Christian,

Americans must get an Italian driver’s license within one year of the date you’ve registered as a resident with the anagrafe (vital records bureau). Aka, from the time you apply for residency. Hope that helps!


Thanks! BTW, How often are these checkpoints out in the country vs. the city?

Zona Serville

Does the process change if you have dual citizenship? I am in the process of gathering the documents required to get Italian citizenship hoping to retire in Italy. Does having both US and Italian citizenship make it less likely to slide by with just a US driver’s license?


Hi Zona,

From what I’ve found online, it’s based on where you got your first driver’s license, not your citizenship. If you move to Italy, you’ll have to substitute your US driver’s license with an Italian one within a year of moving to Italy. To exchange your non-EU driving licence:

go to the agency of Ministry of Transport (Ufficio della Motorizzazione Civile) responsible for the province you live in.
you will be asked to:
produce your driving license and a copy of it,
fill in a form (model TT 2112),
provide two passport type photos,
provide a medical certificate with picture, and a copy of it,
make a payment (approx. € 9,00 for cc 9001 and €32 for cc 4028 – more information at the agency’s counter)

You can read more here. I hope this helps!

Vanessa Viglione

Hi Gina, I’m a bit confused. In your article you write “Though many countries in the world have conventions allowing them to simply convert their driver’s licenses from that of their country to that of their new country, Europe and the United States, unfortunately, don’t have that relationship.”
Yet, in answer to Zona’s question, you give details on how to “exchange your non-EU driving licence”…and those details do not include a test of any sort. Do I misunderstand this means it is possible for Zona to exchange her US driver’s license for an Italian one, without needing to take any tests?


Hi Vanessa,

I went back to reread that comment and you’re right, I didn’t explain it well at all. If you are coming from the US, you can’t just “convert” your license. You have to do everything from zero, test and all. But Zona potentially has dual citizenship, and if she becomes an Italian, I believe she’d then be able to convert it? She’ll have to check herself. I hope this is more clear!


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